2Z101020施工管理的组织

一、系统的概念
建设工程系统的特征
1、建设项目都是一次性的,没有两个完全相同的项目。
2、建设项目全寿命一般由决策阶段、实施阶段和运营阶段组成。
3、建设项目的任务往往由多个单位共同完成,合作关系不固定,利益不尽相同,甚至对立。

二、系统的目标与系统的组织的关系

影响一个系统目标实现的因素:
1、组织
2、人的因素:它包括管理人员和生产人员的数量和质量
3、方法与工具:它包括管理的方法与工具以及生产的方法与工具

系统的目标决定了系统的组织,而组织是目标能否实现的决定性因素,这是组织论的一个重要结论。

一个系统——目标决定了项目管理的组织——项目管理组织是项目管理目标能否实现的决定性因素

控制项目目标的主要措施:组织措施、管理措施、经济措施和技术措施,组织措施是最重要的措施

三、组织论和组织工具

1、组织结构模式是和组织分工是静态的,工作流程组织是动态的
2、组织结构模式是指令关系,组织分工是逻辑关系

组织工具是组织论的应用手段,主要包括四图两表

1、项目结构图
2、组织结构图(管理组织结构图)
3、工作流程图
4、合同结构图
5、工作任务分工表
6、管理职能分工表

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