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施工总平面图设计要点

一、设置大门,引入场外道路

施工现场宜考虑设置两个以上大门。大门应考虑周边路网情况、转弯半径和坡度限制,大门的高度和宽度应满足车辆运输需要,尽可能考虑与加工场地、仓库位置的有效衔接。应有专用的人员进出通道和管理辅助措施。

二、布置大型机械设备

布置塔吊时,应考虑其覆盖范围、可吊构件的重量以及构件的运输和堆放;同时还应考虑塔吊的附墙杆件及使用后的拆除和运输。布置混凝土泵的位置时,应考虑泵管的输送距离、混凝土罐车行走方便,一般情况下立管应相对固定,泵车可以现场流动使用。布置施工升降机时,应考虑地基承载力、地基平整度、周边排水、导轨架的附墙位置和距离、楼层平台通道、出入口防护门以及升降机周边的防护围栏等。

三、布置仓库、堆场

一般应接近使用地点,其纵向宜与交通线路平行,尽可能利用现场设施卸货;货物装卸需要时间长的仓库应远离路边。存放危险品类的仓库应远离现场单独设置,离在建工程距离不小于15m。

四、布置加工厂

总的指导思想是:应使材料和构件的运输量最小,垂直运输设备发挥较大的作用;有关联的加工厂适当集中。

五、布置场内临时运输道路

施工现场的主要道路应进行硬化处理,主干道应有排水措施。临时道路要把仓库、加工厂、堆场和施工点贯穿起来,按货运量大小设计双行干道或单行循环道满足运输和消防要求。主干道宽度单行道不小于4m,双行道不小于6m。木材场两侧应有6m宽通道,端头处应有12m×12m回车场,消防车道不小于4m,载重车转弯半径不宜小于15m。现场条件不满足时根据实际情况处理并满足消防要求。

六、布置临时房屋

(1)尽可能利用已建的永久性房屋为施工服务,如不足再修建临时房屋。临时房屋应尽量利用可装拆的活动房屋且满足消防要求。有条件的应使生活区、办公区和施工区相对独立。宿舍内应保证有必要的生活空间,室内净高不得小于2.5m,通道宽度不得小于0.9m,每间宿舍居住人员不得超过16人。

(2)办公用房宜设在工地入口处。

(3)作业人员宿舍一般宜设在现场附近,方便工人上下班;有条件时也可设在场区内。作业人员用的生活福利设施宜设在人员相对较集中的地方,或设在出入必经之处。

(4)食堂宜布置在生活区,也可视条件设在施工区与生活区之 间。如果现场条件不允许,也可采用送餐制。

七、布置临时水、电管网和其他动力设施

临时总变电站应设在高压线进人工地入口处,尽量避免高压线穿过工地。

从市政供水接驳点将水引入施工现场。管网一般沿道路布置,供电线路应避免与其他管道设在同一侧,同时支线应引到所有用电设备使用地点。应按批准的《XX工程临时水、电施工技术方案》组织设施。

施工总平面图应按绘图规则、比例、规定代号和规定线条绘制,把设计的各类内容分类标绘在图上,标明图名、图例、比例尺、方向标记、必要的文字说明等。

未经允许不得转载:春觉 » 施工总平面图设计要点
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