建设工程项目的组织与管理

1、建设工程管理的内涵

建设工程项目的全寿命周期包括项目的决策阶段、实施阶段和使用阶段(或称运营阶段、运行阶段)。
②项目立项(立项批准)是项目决策的标志。
③决策阶段管理工作的主要任务是确定项目的定义。
建设工程管理的内涵涉及工程项目全过程的管理,包括:决策阶段的管理,项目前期的开发管理DM;实施阶段的管理,即项目管理PM;使用阶段的管理,即设施管理FM

⑤“建设工程管理”涉及参与工程项目的各方对工程的管理,即投资方、开发方、设计方、施工方、供货方和项目使用期的管理方的管理。

2、建设工程管理的任务

①工程项目管理是建设工程管理的一个组成部分,工程项目管理的工作仅限于在项目实施期的工作。建设工程管理则涉及项目全寿命周期。
②建设工程管理工作是一种增值服务工作,其核心任务是为工程的建设和使用增值。

3、设施管理的含义

难点

1、工程使用(运行)增值包括:确保工程使用安全、有利于节能环保、满足最终用户的使用功能、有利于工程维护、有利于降低工程运营成本。
2、工程建设增值包括:确保工程建设安全、提高工程质量、有利于投资(成本)控制、有利于进度控制。
3、项目管理的核心任务是目标控制。即:费用控制、进度控制和质量控制。
4、建设工程管理工作是一种增值服务工作,其核心任务是为工程的建设和使用增值,使用增值又称为运行增值

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