工程造价的六个步骤

很多新手朋友在接触的工程造价后往往都会不知道怎样计算,或者计算的步骤有什么,这样就会造成在工程造价中效率低,准确率低等问题。下面就西北国际小编来给大家解读一下工程造价的六个步骤,希望对各位朋友有一定的帮助。

计算工程量

工程招标文件中若提供有工程量清单,投标价格计算之前,要对工程量进行校核。若招标文件中没有提供工程量清单,则必须根据图纸计算全部工程量。如招标文件对工程量的计算方法有规定,应按照规定的方法进行计算。

确定单价,计算合价

在投标报价中,计算分部分项工程量以后,就需要确定每一个分部分项工程项目的单价,并按照招标文件中工程量表的格式填写报价,一般是按照分部分项工程量内容和项目名称填写单价与合价。计算单价时,应将构成分部分项工程的所有费用项目都归入其中。

人工、材料、机械费用应该是根据分部分项工程的人工、材料、机械消耗量及其相应的市场价格计算。

一般来说,承包企业应建立自己的标准价格数据库,并据此计算工程的投标价格。在应用单价数据库针对某一具体工程进行投标报价时,需要对选用的单价进行审核评价与调整,是指符合投标工程的实际情况,反映市场价格的变化。在投标价格编制的各个阶段,投标价格一般以表格的形式进行计算。

确定分包工程费

来自分包人的工程分包费用是投标价格的一个重要组成部分,有时总承包人投标价格中的相当部分来自于分包工程费。因此,在编制投标价格时需要有一个核实的价格来衡量分包人的价格,需要熟悉分包工程的范围,对分包人的能力进行评估。

确定利润

利润指的是承包人的逾期利润,确定利润取值的目标是考虑既可以获得大的利润,又要保证投标价格具有一定的竞争性。投标报价时承包人应根据市场竞争情况确定在该工程上的利润率。

确定风险金

风险金对承包商来说是一个未知数,如果预计的风险没有全部发生,则可能预计的风险金有剩余,这部分剩余和利润加在一起就是盈余;如果风险金估计不足,则由盈利来补贴。在投标时应该根据该工程规模及工程所在地的实际情况,由有经验的专业人员对可能的风险因素进行逐项分析后确定一个比较合理的费用比率。

确定投标价格

根据不同报价模式,将所有费用汇总求和后就可以得到工程的投标报价,但是这样计算的工程投标报价还不能作为投标价格,因为计算出来的价格可能重复也可能会漏算,也有可能某些费用的预估有偏差等。因而必须对计算出来的工程投标报价作某些必要的调整。调整投标报价应当建立在对工程盈亏分析的基础上,盈亏预测应用多种方法从多种角度进行,找出计算中的问题,并采取措施降低成本,增加盈利,从而确定后的投标报价。

未经允许不得转载:春觉 » 工程造价的六个步骤
分享到: 更多 (0)

评论 84

  • 昵称 (必填)
  • 邮箱 (必填)
  • 网址
  1. #1

    malatya malatya malatya malatya

    malatya1个月前 (11-03)回复
  2. #2

    I was looking through some of your articles on this website and I think this internet site is rattling informative ! Keep on posting .

    fmovies3周前 (11-17)回复
  3. #3

    Hi! Do you know if they make any plugins to assist with Search Engine Optimization? I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good results. If you know of any please share. Thank you!

    Learn More3周前 (11-18)回复
  4. #4

    Pretty! This has been an incredibly wonderful article. Thanks for providing this info.

  5. #5

    After looking at a handful of the articles on your web page, I really like your technique of blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark webpage list and will be checking back in the near future. Take a look at my website too and let me know how you feel.

    Pretty Gaming2周前 (11-23)回复
  6. #6

    Hello, Neat post. There’s an issue along with your web site in web explorer, may test this… IE nonetheless is the marketplace chief and a huge section of other people will miss your great writing due to this problem.

  7. #7

    Just wanted to say thanx! I love sucking dick btw hmu

    Clarissa Kovacik2周前 (11-23)回复
  8. #8

    Oh my goodness! Impressive article dude! Thanks, However I am having issues with your RSS. I don’t know the reason why I can’t subscribe to it. Is there anyone else having similar RSS problems? Anyone that knows the solution can you kindly respond? Thanx.

    makeup tools2周前 (11-23)回复
  9. #9

    I like this blog very much so much good info .

    Ellan Shikles2周前 (11-23)回复
  10. #10

    Good post. I learn something new and challenging on sites I stumbleupon on a daily basis. It’s always useful to read articles from other writers and use something from their sites.

    free horror2周前 (11-24)回复
  11. #11

    Having read this I thought it was really informative. I appreciate you taking the time and effort to put this information together. I once again find myself personally spending a significant amount of time both reading and leaving comments. But so what, it was still worthwhile!

  12. #12

    Good day! I could have sworn I’ve visited this website before but after looking at a few of the posts I realized it’s new to me. Anyways, I’m definitely happy I discovered it and I’ll be book-marking it and checking back frequently!

  13. #13

    Having read this I thought it was very enlightening. I appreciate you finding the time and energy to put this informative article together. I once again find myself spending way too much time both reading and leaving comments. But so what, it was still worthwhile!

    mamashop.com.au2周前 (11-25)回复
  14. #14

    I think other web-site proprietors should take this website as an model, very clean and great user genial style and design, as well as the content. You are an expert in this topic!

    Luxury Lingerie2周前 (11-25)回复
  15. #15

    I’m still learning from you, as I’m improving myself. I absolutely love reading everything that is written on your blog.Keep the stories coming. I liked it!

    glass sex toys2周前 (11-25)回复
  16. #16

    The very next time I read a blog, I hope that it doesn’t disappoint me as much as this particular one. I mean, Yes, it was my choice to read through, nonetheless I genuinely thought you’d have something helpful to talk about. All I hear is a bunch of crying about something you could fix if you weren’t too busy searching for attention.

  17. #17

    I couldn’t resist commenting. Perfectly written!

  18. #18

    I’ve been absent for a while, but now I remember why I used to love this website. Thank you, I will try and check back more frequently. How frequently you update your site?

    sexy blindfold1周前 (11-26)回复
  19. #19

    I have been browsing online greater than 3 hours as of late, yet I by no means found any fascinating article like yours. It’s pretty price sufficient for me. In my opinion, if all web owners and bloggers made excellent content material as you probably did, the web can be a lot more helpful than ever before.

    Cupless Lingerie1周前 (11-26)回复
  20. #20

    I’ve been absent for some time, but now I remember why I used to love this web site. Thank you, I¡¦ll try and check back more frequently. How frequently you update your site?

  21. #21

    I was very pleased to uncover this great site. I wanted to thank you for your time due to this fantastic read!! I definitely savored every part of it and i also have you book marked to look at new information in your website.

    earn from home1周前 (11-26)回复
  22. #22

    You need to take part in a contest for one of the best sites on the net. I will highly recommend this site!

    online1周前 (11-26)回复
  23. #23

    Quality articles, I am waiting for your next article. keep working

    continue1周前 (11-26)回复
  24. #24

    I admire your work , thankyou for all the informative posts .

    Odis Jacquem1周前 (11-26)回复
  25. #25

    Hi there, I do believe your website could be having internet browser compatibility problems. When I take a look at your site in Safari, it looks fine but when opening in I.E., it has some overlapping issues. I just wanted to provide you with a quick heads up! Besides that, excellent website.

    JBO.com1周前 (11-26)回复
  26. #26

    I’m impressed, I have to say. Actually hardly ever do I encounter a weblog that’s both educative and entertaining, and let me tell you, you might have hit the nail on the head. Your concept is outstanding; the problem is one thing that not enough persons are speaking intelligently about. I’m very comfortable that I stumbled across this in my seek for something relating to this.

    top article1周前 (11-27)回复
  27. #27

    I blog quite often and I really thank you for your information. The article has really peaked my interest. I will book mark your blog and keep checking for new information about once per week. I subscribed to your Feed as well.

  28. #28

    “I wanted to draft you a very little note so as to give many thanks the moment again considering the incredible tricks you have provided above. This is quite extremely open-handed of you to allow unreservedly precisely what numerous people could have offered for sale as an ebook in making some dough on their own, particularly now that you might well have done it in case you decided. These secrets in addition served to be the fantastic way to be aware that most people have similar desire the same as mine to find out more around this problem. I am certain there are lots of more enjoyable situations in the future for people who scan through your blog.”

  29. #29

    Greetings! Very useful advice in this particular article! It’s the little changes that will make the most important changes. Thanks a lot for sharing!

    Synapse XT1周前 (11-27)回复
  30. #30

    This is a really good tip particularly to those new to the blogosphere. Brief but very accurate information… Thanks for sharing this one. A must read post.

    gaming news1周前 (11-27)回复
  31. #31

    Very good article. I definitely appreciate this website. Continue the good work!

  32. #32

    Good post. I learn something new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon everyday. It will always be useful to read through articles from other writers and use something from other sites.

  33. #33

    I was examining some of your articles on this site and I think this website is very informative ! Keep putting up.

    Elfrieda Bonett1周前 (11-27)回复
  34. #34

    Hello there! This post couldn’t be written much better! Reading through this post reminds me of my previous roommate! He continually kept talking about this. I’ll send this post to him. Pretty sure he’s going to have a good read. I appreciate you for sharing!

  35. #35

    I am always browsing online for articles that can assist me. Thanks!

    load game1周前 (11-27)回复
  36. #36

    Aw, this was a really nice post. In concept I wish to put in writing like this additionally – taking time and actual effort to make a very good article… however what can I say… I procrastinate alot and not at all appear to get one thing done.

    porno1周前 (11-28)回复
  37. #37

    Aw, this was a really nice post. Taking the time and actual effort to generate a very good article… but what can I say… I procrastinate a whole lot and never seem to get anything done.

    jewelry1周前 (11-28)回复
  38. #38

    Everything is very open with a clear description of the challenges. It was definitely informative. Your website is useful. Thank you for sharing.

  39. #39

    Hello there, I discovered your website via Google whilst searching for a related topic, your web site came up, it seems good. I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

    Woodrow Neihoff1周前 (11-28)回复
  40. #40

    I like it when individuals come together and share ideas. Great site, keep it up!

  41. #41

    You’ve made some really good points there. I looked on the net for more information about the issue and found most people will go along with your views on this web site.

    women's clothes1周前 (11-28)回复
  42. #42

    Hello! I could have sworn I’ve been to this web site before but after looking at many of the posts I realized it’s new to me. Nonetheless, I’m certainly pleased I discovered it and I’ll be bookmarking it and checking back often!

    coloring pages1周前 (11-28)回复
  43. #43

    Good post! We are linking to this particularly great post on our site. Keep up the good writing.

    Credit results1周前 (11-28)回复
  44. #44

    Excellent blog you’ve got here.. It’s difficult to find good quality writing like yours these days. I seriously appreciate individuals like you! Take care!!

  45. #45

    There is noticeably a lot of money to comprehend this. I suppose you made particular nice points in features also.

    Dante Quaresma1周前 (11-28)回复
  46. #46

    Very well written story. It will be helpful to anyone who utilizes it, including myself. Keep doing what you are doing – can’r wait to read more posts.

  47. #47

    You must participate in a contest for the most effective blogs on the web. I’ll recommend this website!

  48. #48

    very easy to understand explanation. fits me perfectly. from now on I will be your fan

  49. #49

    Good day! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I could get a captcha plugin for my comment form? I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having trouble finding one? Thanks a lot!

  50. #50

    May I simply say what a comfort to discover somebody that genuinely knows what they’re discussing on the internet. You definitely know how to bring an issue to light and make it important. A lot more people have to look at this and understand this side of the story. I was surprised you are not more popular because you definitely have the gift.

  51. #51

    What are you stating, man? I know everyones got their own opinion, but really? Listen, your blog is neat. I like the energy you put into it, especially with the vids and the pics. But, come on. Theres gotta be a better way to say this, a way that doesnt make it seem like everybody here is stupid!

  52. #52

    It’s difficult to find experienced people for this topic, but you seem like you know what you’re talking about! Thanks

  53. #53

    Your style is really unique in comparison to other people I’ve read stuff from. I appreciate you for posting when you’ve got the opportunity, Guess I will just book mark this blog.

  54. #54

    very easy to understand explanation. fits me perfectly. from now on I will be your fan

  55. #55

    I’m not sure why but this weblog is loading incredibly slow for me. Is anyone else having this issue or is it a problem on my end? I’ll check back later and see if the problem still exists.

  56. #56

    Some genuinely fantastic information, Glad I observed this.

  57. #57

    Howdy, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one and i was just curious if you get a lot of spam feedback? If so how do you reduce it, any plugin or anything you can suggest? I get so much lately it’s driving me mad so any assistance is very much appreciated.

  58. #58

    Hi, i feel that i saw you visited my blog so i came to “return the desire”.I’m attempting to find issues to enhance my site!I guess its adequate to use a few of your ideas!!

  59. #59

    Good write-up, I’m normal visitor of one’s site, maintain up the nice operate, and It’s going to be a regular visitor for a lengthy time.

  60. #60

    I do trust all of the concepts you have introduced to your post. They’re really convincing and can certainly work. Nonetheless, the posts are very quick for starters. May just you please prolong them a bit from next time? Thanks for the post.

  61. #61

    I am very interested when reading your article. Oh yes, I also made an article, please visit.

  62. #62

    You need to take part in a contest for one of the best sites online. I will highly recommend this website!

  63. #63

    Can I just say what a relief to find somebody who actually knows what they are talking about on the internet. You definitely understand how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More people ought to read this and understand this side of your story. I can’t believe you aren’t more popular because you surely possess the gift.

  64. #64

    Hi, I do think this is an excellent web site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I’m going to return yet again since i have book-marked it. Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide other people.

  65. #65

    Way cool! Some very valid points! I appreciate you penning this write-up and also the rest of the site is also very good.

  66. #66

    There is definately a great deal to know about this subject. I really like all of the points you made.

  67. #67

    This is a topic that is close to my heart… Cheers! Where are your contact details though?

  68. #68

    Hello there! This blog post couldn’t be written much better! Looking at this post reminds me of my previous roommate! He continually kept preaching about this. I’ll send this post to him. Pretty sure he’s going to have a great read. Many thanks for sharing!

  69. #69

    After I initially commented I appear to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and from now on every time a comment is added I receive four emails with the same comment. There has to be an easy method you are able to remove me from that service? Thanks.

  70. #70

    An outstanding share! I have just forwarded this onto a coworker who has been conducting a little research on this. And he actually ordered me breakfast simply because I found it for him… lol. So allow me to reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanx for spending time to talk about this matter here on your web page.

  71. #71

    It’s difficult to find well-informed people in this particular topic, however, you sound like you know what you’re talking about! Thanks

  72. #72

    Hi, Neat post. There is a problem with your site in internet explorer, would check this… IE still is the market leader and a big portion of people will miss your wonderful writing due to this problem.

  73. #73

    I am a older women looking to talk. I love sucking dick btw hmu

  74. #74

    Hi, i think that i saw you visited my blog thus i got here to “go back the prefer”.I am attempting to in finding issues to enhance my web site!I assume its good enough to use a few of your concepts!!

  75. #75

    i love this exceptional post

  76. #76

    You’re so cool! I do not think I’ve read through anything like that before. So good to find somebody with some unique thoughts on this topic. Seriously.. many thanks for starting this up. This web site is one thing that is required on the internet, someone with a little originality.

  77. #77

    That is a really good tip especially to those new to the blogosphere. Short but very precise info… Many thanks for sharing this one. A must read article!

  78. #78

    Can I just say what a relief to discover a person that genuinely understands what they’re talking about over the internet. You definitely realize how to bring a problem to light and make it important. More and more people have to read this and understand this side of your story. I can’t believe you are not more popular given that you certainly have the gift.

  79. #79

    I just couldn’t go away your site before suggesting that I really enjoyed the standard information a person supply in your visitors? Is going to be back regularly to check up on new posts.

  80. #80

    I used to be able to find good info from your content.

  81. #81

    I like looking through an article that can make men and women think. Also, thanks for permitting me to comment.

  82. #82

    Spot on with this write-up, I really believe this amazing site needs a great deal more attention. I’ll probably be back again to read more, thanks for the advice!

  83. #83

    Hello there! I simply would like to offer you a huge thumbs up for the great information you have got right here on this post. I’ll be coming back to your web site for more soon.

  84. #84

    I was extremely pleased to uncover this page. I wanted to thank you for your time just for this fantastic read!! I definitely really liked every part of it and i also have you bookmarked to see new things on your web site.